Anc 1 Assignment 2012

!Questions 14-15 can only be completed on the 100 day, 6 month, 1 year, and 2 year follow-up forms. These questions will be skipped for all subsequent reporting periods. Question 16 must be answered on all follow-up forms.

*Initial ANC Recovery
Recovery, as reported in this section, does not distinguish between allogeneic engraftment (blood and stem cells of donor origin) and autologous engraftment (blood and stem cells of host origin). To demonstrate engraftment for allogeneic recipients, particularly non-myeloablative or reduced intensity approaches, chimerism tests must be done. These measure the quantity of donor cells relative to the quantity of host (recipient) cells. While ANC usually represents donor cells in allogeneic HCT, it cannot be proven without chimerism studies.

ANC recovery is defined as an absolute neutrophil count (ANC) of ≥ 0.5 × 109/L (500/mm3) for three consecutive laboratory values obtained on different days. Date of ANC recovery is the date of the first of three consecutive laboratory values where the ANC is ≥ 0.5 × 109/L. At some institutions, the laboratory reports display the ANC value once there are sufficient white blood cells to perform a differential count. At other institutions, the laboratory reports do not display the ANC, and it must be calculated from the white blood cell count (WBC) and the percent of segmented and band neutrophils (if the differential was performed on a machine, the percent neutrophils will include both segmented and band neutrophils). If the laboratory report displays an automated ANC value of exactly 0.5, the actual ANC value should be calculated from the manual differential if available. The calculated value from the manual differential will determine ANC recovery. If your institution’s laboratory reports do not display the ANC value, use the following calculation to determine the ANC:

Calculating Absolute Neutrophil Count (ANC)

Ignou Eso-11 Free Solved Assignment 2012

4877 WordsOct 8th, 201220 Pages

IGNOU ESO-11 Free Solved Assignment 2012
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Tutor Marked Assignment (TMA)
Programme Code: BDP
Course Code: ESO-11
Assignment Code: ESO-11/
AST/TMA/2011-2012

Section – I
Answer the following in about 500 words each.
1. Describe the major concerns of Sociology and discuss its nature and scope. 20
Solution: Sociology concentrated heavily on society and its major units and their dynamics. It has been striving to analyse the dynamics of the society in terms of organised patterns of social relations.
Firstly, the major concern of sociology is sociological analysis. It means the sociologist seeks to provide an analysis of human society and culture with a sociological perspective. He evinces his…show more content…

Outline the features of a complex society with suitable examples. 20

Solution: A complex society is a social formation that is otherwise described as a formative or developed state.[citation needed] The main criteria of complexity are the extent of a division of labour in which members of society are more or less permanently specialized in particular activities and depend on others for goods and services, within a system regulated by custom and laws, the population size of a human community; the larger the population, the more complex and variegated the co-existence of people tends to become. Social complexity in this sense thus refers typically to political complexity, specifically the presence of a hierarchy in the form of a ruling elite supported by bureaucrats, with associated paraphernalia such as administrative buildings and elite residences in urban or proto-urban population centres. Complex societies under this definition are also agricultural to provide the surplus required to support a social (non-food producing) elite. Explaining the origins of these types of social formations, which appear in many areas of the world, is one of the tasks of archaeology (see, e.g., History & Mathematics: Historical Dynamics and Development of Complex Societies).

There are, however, problems with the term "complexity" when used in this manner. It has been argued that using political organisation (or

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