Animal Testing Must Be Eliminated
Testing on animals should be eliminated for various reasons. The first and main reason is that animal testing is cruel. The second reason is that there is no real advantage to animal testing because they are not homologous to humans. The third and last reason is that there are other methods widely available that do not involve cruel treatment to animals.
Animal testing is cruel and causes stress to the animals. They are put in cages and poked and prodded throughout the day. While animals are not by any means as intelligent as the human race, they are proven to have intelligence. Many animals can be trained and exhibit behavior that shows they feel emotion, pain, loneliness, fear, and stress. It should be obvious that keeping animals in lonely cages all day and forcing them to undergo painful testing would cause them stress. Animals should be allowed to run free and experience the normal animal activity that they were born to experience. They may not be able to speak and express themselves in words, but they do have intelligence and thus their rights must be protected by eliminating unnecessary animal testing.
Aside from the cruelty of animal testing, there is no real advantage to test on animals rather than alternative methods. Animal anatomy is similar but not homologous to human anatomy. Therefore, testing on animals provides no real results for human study. The human body is much more complex than that of a mouse or any other animal. As mammals, humans share the same body systems with other mammalian animals; however, this does not equate to sharing similar reactions or effects of medical testing. It could even be dangerous to assume that a human would exhibit the same reaction as another animal.
Lastly, there are other methods available to research scientists that do not involve animals. More research should be done in this area in order to eliminate animal testing completely. Other methods include in-vitro testing and testing on human volunteers. Humans can express their rights and willingly submit to testing while animals cannot. With these alternative methods, the results are 100% more conclusive and applicable than animal testing. Testing on human cells ensures the reliability of their conclusions.
In conclusion, animal testing is cruel to animals because it causes them stress, fear, and pain and is forced upon them without their consent. It is largely inconclusive because animal anatomy is different from human anatomy; results of testing cannot be said to mimic the results in humans. Finally, other methods are available that provide much more accurate and reliable results. Based on these reasons, animal testing should be eliminated altogether as inhumane and ineffective.
Alternatives To Animal Experimentation
Animal experimentation is the process of testing new treatments and medicines on animals. Scientists use this research to determine what type of diseases affect the human body, and what can be done in order to treat these diseases. This can be not only cruel to the animals, but also very expensive. Animals are used in place of humans, as humans are not suitable for experiments such as these. Some testing involves only logical behaviors or sheer observance of animals, such as a mouse racing through a maze or field studies with chimps).
Alternatives to animal experimentation need to be looked at very thoroughly. Scientists have begun creating methods that test and study new products in order to substitute animals. One method that is commonly used as of late is called in vitro, which involves using test tubes of human tissue and cells to produce advanced testing results. A second alternative to consider is a highly-developed computer-modeling approach known as in silico. Often, humans can volunteer themselves in an evaluation as opposed to using animals. Benefits of these specific alternatives result in tests being more reliable, more accurate, practical and less harm towards the environment, as well as animals.
Private companies, government agencies, and universities have all been working day and night to make certain that these techniques are used instead of animals. Innocent animals are slaughtered for illegitimate purposes that are no longer needed. An example of animals not being needed for testing follows: The RLLNA for skin allergic experiments assembles a way to create a reduction in animal use by close to seventy-five percent in comparison to customary mouse and guinea pig tests. Another example of animal use reduction is that skin corrosively and irritation can simply be studied by using three-dimensional (3D) human skin identical structures such as Epiderm and Skin Ethic.
In conclusion, using replacement strategies for animal testing provides an extremely positive outcome. These methods are less costly and take a smaller amount of time to complete. Using these alternatives will ensure that no animals are harmed, treated cruelly, or even killed in the process. Environmentally friendly products can lead to less waste and less harm to the society. United States laws are requiring that the alternatives are meticulously considered before using animals for any testing. Safety testing is one of the only tests that still undergo the use of animals; this is because no single in vitro testing method is available at this time to fulfill all regular needs for specific testing areas.