Research Paper Sample Background Of The Study Examples


Chapter 1Introduction

Background of the Study

Cockroaches are common pests in the tropics. They have been known to cause allergicreactions to most people and chew holes on clothes. According

to Bato Balani for Science and Technology 


Vol. 14


No. 2


the real danger of cockroach lies in their ability to transmitsometimes lethal diseases and organisms such

as Staphylococcus spp., Streptococcus spp.,Hepatitis viruses



Coliform bacteria

. They have been known to contaminate food


at thesame time infect it with the bacteria they carry. The bacteria they spread in food can cause foodpoisoning.People have used various instruments to control the cockroach problem in homes. Themost popular is the commonly used insecticide sprays. Most of these can destroy cockroachesbut they can also do serious damage to humans as well. According to the experts of the website,

the active ingredients in these sprays


like tethramethrin




distillates can cause severe chest pains and cough attacks when inhaled.The second most popular instrument is the cockroach coils. These coils can kill roachesyet the active ingredients in these coils like

allethrin, pynamin forte, prothrin




cancause harm to humans when inhaled. It also has an ozone-depleting ingredient.The third most popular is the flypaper. The concept of the flypaper is simple. Theroaches just stick into it. But when they are stuck


the roaches die and carcass can spread morebacteria.In addition to the side effects of these materials


the costs of these insecticides are high. All these set aside


the question on everyone¶s mind is: ³What can be an effective and naturalinsecticide?´Tubang Bakod (

Jatropha carcas)

is a common plant in the Philippines. According to thewebsite


its seeds contain a certain toxic substance known as

Providing background information in the introduction of a research paper serves as a bridge that links the reader to the topic of your study. Precisely how long and in-depth this bridge should be is largely dependent upon how much information you think the reader will need to know in order to fully understand the topic being discussed and to appreciate why the issues you are investigating are important.

From another perspective, the length and detail of background information also depends on the degree to which you need to demonstrate to your professor how much you understand the research problem. Keep this in mind because providing pertinent background information can be an effective way to demonstrate that you have a clear grasp of key issues and concepts underpinning your overall study. Don't try to show off, though! And, avoid stating the obvious.

The structure and writing style of your background information can vary depending upon the complexity of your research and/or the nature of the assignment. Given this, here are some questions to consider while writing this part of your introduction:

  1. Are there concepts, terms, theories, or ideas that may be unfamiliar to the reader and, thus, require additional explanation?
  2. Are there historical elements that need to be explored in order to provide needed context, to highlight specific people, issues, or events, or to lay a foundation for understanding the emergence of a current issue or event?
  3. Are there theories, concepts, or ideas borrowed from other disciplines or academic traditions that may be unfamiliar to the reader and therefore require further explanation?
  4. Is the research study unusual in a way that requires additional explanation, such as, 1) your study uses a method of analysis never applied before; 2) your study investigates a very esoteric or complex research problem; or, 3) your study relies upon analyzing unique texts or documents, such as, archival materials or primary documents like diaries or personal letters that do not represent the established body of source literature on the topic.

Almost all introductions to a research problem require some contextualizing, but the scope and breadth of background information varies depending on your assumption about the reader's level of prior knowledge. Despite this assessment, however, background information should be brief and succinct; save any elaboration of critical points or in-depth discussion of key issues for the literature review section of your paper.

Background of the Problem Section: What do you Need to Consider? Anonymous. Harvard University; Hopkins, Will G. How to Write a Research Paper. SPORTSCIENCE, Perspectives/Research Resources. Department of Physiology and School of Physical Education, University of Otago, 1999; Green, L. H. How to Write the Background/Introduction Section. Physics 499 Powerpoint slides. University of Illinois; Woodall, W. Gill. Writing the Background and Significance Section. Senior Research Scientist and Professor of Communication. Center on Alcoholism, Substance Abuse, and Addictions. University of New Mexico.

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