Journal Article Reference Example Apa Bibliography

If a journal article has a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) listed, you will always include this identifier in your reference.  You will not have to include the URL of the journal's home page or of the database from which you retrieved the article if a DOI is available.

If you viewed a journal article in an online database and it does not have a DOI, you will need to do a quick search outside of the database to locate the URL for the journal's home page (pp. 191-192).  This information must be included in the reference.  If the journal is no longer being published and it does not have a home page, then include the URL for the home page of the database from which you retrieved the article (p. 192).

If you viewed a journal article in its print format, be sure to check if it has a DOI listed.  If it does not, your reference to the article would end after you provide the page range of the article.

      (Author Surname, Author Surname, & Author Surname, Year)

     

NOTE: Although the first in-text citation for a work with three to five authors/editors includes all of the names of the authors/editors,subsequent citations include only the first author's/editor's surname,followed by et al. and the year.

 

      In-Text Citation (Quotation):

      (Author Surname, Author Surname, & Author Surname, Year, page number)

 

References:

Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial., Author Surname, First Initial.Second Initial., & Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Article title: Subtitle. Journal Title, Volume(issue), page range. doi:xx.xxxxxxxxxx OR Retrieved from URL of journal home page [if available].  

 

Example 1 (In-text citation rule for 3-5 authors)

 

      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 

      (Westhues, Lafrance, & Schmidt, 2001)

 

      NOTE: A subsequent citation would appear as (Westhues et al., 2001)

 

      In-Text Citation (Quotation):

 

      (Westhues, Lafrance, & Schmidt, 2001, p. 40)

 

References:

Westhues, A., Lafrance, J., & Schmidt, G. (2001). A SWOT analysis of social work education in Canada. Social Work Education, 20(1), 35-56.doi:10.1080/02615470020028364

 

Example 2 (In-text citation rule for 6 authors or more)

 

      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 

      (Dietz et al., 2007)
 

      In-Text Citation (Quotation):

      (Dietz et al., 2007, p. 1518)

 

References:

Dietz, P. M., Williams, S. B., Callaghan, W. M., Bachman, D. J., Whitlock, E. P., & Hornbrook, M. C.     (2007).Clinically identified maternal depression before, during, and after pregnancies ending in live births. American Journal of Psychiatry, 164(10), 1515-1520. doi:10.1176/appi.ajp.2007.061118936

Referencing journals in APA

This page outlines the correct format for journal articles in an APA reference list:

New to referencing? See the introduction to referencing.

Order: author(s), year of publication, article title (not in italics), journal name (in italics), volume number (in italics), issue number, and the page number range of the article.

  • The name of the journal goes in italics, but the name of the article does not.
  • The name of the journal has an upper-case letter for all words except trivial ones (‘of’, ‘in’, etc.).
  • The volume number is in italics. The issue number follows it, in brackets but not in italics. The issue number is only included if each issue begins on page 1.
  • The page number range includes the first and last page of the full article, not just the pages you used.
  • Something missing? More than one author? See referencing elements for answers to common issues.

Order: author(s), year of publication, article title (not in italics), journal name (in italics), volume number (in italics), issue number, page number range of the article (if available), URL or journal home page.

The earlier (5th) edition of APA formats this differently. See 5th vs. 6th for details.

Some journals use a DOI (digital object identifier) to uniquely identify the article. If it is available, the DOI should be used instead of a URL:

See DOI for details.

Magazine or newspaper article

Magazine articles and newspaper articles follow the same format as journal articles, with a few alterations. See the section on referencing other material for details.

References and further reading

American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: Author. [Massey Library link]

Disclaimer

These pages are provided as a guide to proper referencing. Your course, department, school, or institute may prescribe specific conventions, and their recommendations supersede these instructions. If you have questions not covered here, check in the style guide listed above, ask your course coordinator, or ask at Academic Q+A.

Page authorised by Director, CTL
Last updated on 7 February, 2018

Castles, F. G., Curtin, J. C., & Vowles, J. (2006). Public policy in Australia and New Zealand: The new global context. Australian Journal of Political Science, 41(2), 131–143.

Hsing, Y., Baraya, A., & Budden, M. (2005). Macroeconomic policies and economic growth: The case of Costa Rica. Journal of Applied Business Research, 21(2), 105–112. Retrieved from http://journals.cluteonline.com/index.php/JABR/

Gelkopf, M., Ryan, P., Cotton, S., & Berger, R. (2008). The impact of “training the trainers” for helping tsunami-survivor children on Sri Lankan disaster volunteer workers. International Journal of Stress Management, 15(2), 117–135. https://doi.org/10.1037/1072-5245.15.2.117

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